ECB publishes supervisory banking statistics for the fourth quarter of 2018


Capital adequacy

The capital ratios for the aggregated group of significant institutions, i.e. the banks supervised by the ECB, increased slightly in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared with the previous quarter. The Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) ratio stood at 14.34%, the Tier 1 ratio at 15.54% and the total capital ratio at 17.95%. Average CET1 capital ratios at participating Member State level range from 11.93% in Spain to 25.48% in Luxembourg.

Asset quality

The non-performing loans ratio (NPL ratio) fell further to 3.80% in the fourth quarter of 2018, which was the lowest level since supervisory banking statistics were first published in the second quarter of 2015. Luxembourg has the lowest average ratio, at 1.07%, while Greece has the highest, at 41.24%.


The liquidity coverage ratio increased to 145.61% in the fourth quarter of 2018, from 140.92% in the previous quarter. The average values range from 48.11% in Greece[1] to 392.72% in Slovenia.

Factors affecting changes

Supervisory banking statistics are calculated by aggregating data reported by banks that report COREP (capital adequacy information) and FINREP (financial information) at that point in time. Changes in the amounts shown from one quarter to another can be influenced by the following factors:

  • changes in the sample of reporting institutions;
  • mergers and acquisitions;
  • reclassifications (e.g. portfolio shifts where certain assets are reclassified from a particular accounting portfolio to another).



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